Return to LELP Home

Search the Courts

Current Issue
Back Issues

More about ILCI

Contact LELP at

630 858 6092

421 Ridgewood Ave
Suite 100
Glen Ellyn, IL

Vol. 40 No. 3 May / June 2011
Subscription information and order form | About LELR | Back Issues

Highlights of This Issue

Special Bulletin

  • Preparing a Vehicle for a Dog Sniff Is Not a Fourth Amendment Search: First Reported Case

United States Supreme Court

  • Exigent Circumstances Exception for Warrantless Searches of Dwellings Expanded; Law Enforcement Legal Review Publisher’s Brief on Behalf of Law Enforcement
  • Municipal Liability in Failure to Train Cases
  • Oral Complaint by Employee Is Sufficient to Trigger Anti-Retaliation Suit Under Fair Standards Act
  • State Prisoners Can Use Civil Rights Actions to Obtain DNA Evidence to Establish Their Innocence

Federal and State Decisions

  • Arrest, Search and Seizure Issues: search warrant; affidavit; non-technical reading; appellate court deference; warrantless search; exigent circumstances; computers; emergency aid exception; shooting victims; search incident to arrest; defendant in handcuffs in police car; probation search; request to search; inventory search; necessity for search; stop and frisk; reasonable suspicion; use of handcuffs; protective search of vehicle; collective knowledge doctrine; roadblocks; criteria for constitutionality; consent; voluntariness; alleged threat to obtain a search warrant; purging the effect of prior illegal entry
  • Interrogation Issues: custody; traffic stops; field sobriety tests; ambiguous statements concerning counsel; police clarification questions; waiver; voluntariness; low I.Q. and drug abuse; false friend technique; mental deficiencies; expert witnesses; effect of invalid arrest
  • Crimes; Evidence; Trial Issues: evading police by vehicle; “pocket bike”; DUI; operation of vehicle; key in ignition; police defendants; possession of drugs; undercover capacity; official misconduct; violation of department regulations
  • Civil Liability/Personnel Law: handcuffing in pre-Terry situations; deadly force; constitutional and negligence claims; excessive shots fired into suspect; qualified immunity; shooting suspect after immobilization; damage to property in serving search warrant; aiding in repossession of property; sexual discrimination; retaliation; perceived gay officer; religious discrimination; line of duty pensions; effect of smoking


    Special Bulletin
    United States Supreme Court
    Arrest, Search and Seizure
    Crimes; Evidence; Trial Issues
    Civil Liability/Personnel Law
    Renewal/Order Form: Email Option

Special Bulletin

Special Bulletin: Special Bulletin: Search; Preparing a Vehicle for a Dog Sniff Is Not a Fourth Amendment Search; Case of First Impression
People v. Bartelt, No. 107276 (Ill. 2011).

After a lawful traffic stop, a police officer performed a set-up procedure for a dog sniff, which entailed ordering the driver, defendant, to roll up her truck’s windows and turn the ventilation system’s blowers on high before a second officer conducted a canine sniff of the exterior of her truck. The dog alerted on both doors of the truck, and a subsequent search of the truck resulted in discovery of drugs. The issue in this case was whether the officers’ actions in ordering defendant to roll up her windows and turn the blowers on high before conducting a dog sniff of the truck’s exterior constituted an unreasonable search under the Fourth Amendment. The Illinois Supreme Court ruled it did not.

“This seems to be an issue of first impression nationwide because the parties have not cited, nor has our research revealed, any decisions that have addressed the issue.”

“[T]he dog sniff was conducted on the exterior of defendant’s truck while she was lawfully seized for a traffic violation. . . . Under Illinois v. Caballes, 543 U.S. 405 (2005) the dog sniff in the present case was not a search subject to the fourth amendment because it did not ‘“compromise any legitimate interest in privacy.”’ See id. at 408 (quoting Jacobsen, 466 U.S. at 123).

“The set-up procedure at issue in this case is analogous to the luggage ‘prepping’ procedure approved by the Fifth Circuit in United States v. Viera, 644 F.2d 509 (5th Cir. 1981). In [that case] Drug Enforcement Administration agents ‘prepped’ the defendants’ suitcases before a dog sniff by pressing them lightly with the hands and slowly circulating the air, the purpose of which was to procure a scent from the bags. Viera, 644 F.2d at 510. The Fifth Circuit rejected the defendants’ argument that the ‘prepping’ procedure was a search in violation of the fourth amendment, holding that a dog sniff is not a search within the meaning of the fourth amendment and that a light press of the hands along the outside of the suitcases was not sufficiently intrusive to require a different result. Id.

“Similarly, in the present case, a dog sniff is not a search within the meaning of the fourth amendment, and ordering defendant to roll up her windows and turn the blowers on high before conducting the dog sniff was not sufficiently intrusive to require a different result.” Three judges dissented.


Subscription information and order form | About LELR

Copyright (c) 2011 by Law Enforcement Legal Publications